1. I〔国王〕a king;〔君主〕a monarch;〔支配者〕a ruler ⇒こくおう(国王)
    • 王を立てる[廃する]
    • enthrone [dethrone] a king
  1. II〔第一人者〕
    • 石油王
    • an oil king [magnate]
    • ホームラン王
    • a home-run king
    • 百獣の王
    • the king of beasts
  1. 凹状concavity
  2. 凹状凹状の concave
  1. 凹版凹版
  1. 凹面a concavity
  2. 凹面凹面の concave
  1. 凹面鏡凹面鏡
  1. Iせおう(背負う)
    • 彼女は子供を負ってやって来た
    • She came with a child on her back.
  1. II
  1. 1〔責任などを引き受ける〕
    • 責任を負う
    • take [assume] responsibility ((for))/be responsible ((for))
    • 義務を負う
    • have [undertake/take on] an obligation ((to do))
    • 彼は重要な任務を負っていた
    • He was charged with an important duty.
  1. 2〔おかげ・恩などをこうむる〕owe
    • 君の援助に負うところが大だ
    • 「I am greatly indebted to you [I owe you a great debt] for your help.
    • 国の財政は国債に負うところが大きい
    • The financing of the nation depends greatly on government bonds.
  1. 3〔傷を受ける〕
    • 傷を負う
    • receive [suffer] a wound
    • 手傷を負った犬
    • an injured dog
  1. 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る((諺)) A fool may give a wise man counsel.
  1. 負うた子より抱いた子People 「value most [care most about] what is closest to them.
  1. 名にし負う名にし負う
  1. I
  1. 1〔追い掛ける〕run after, chase;〔犯人,獲物などを〕pursue
    • 獲物を追う
    • chase game
    • 泥棒[犯人]を追う
    • pursue a thief [criminal]
    • 追う者と追われる者
    • the pursuer and the pursued
    • 彼は妻の後を追うように死んだ
    • He soon followed his wife in death./He died shortly after his wife.
    • 彼は警察に追われている
    • He is wanted by the police./The police are after him.
    • 追いつ追われつの接戦に観客はわいた
    • The spectators were excited by the seesaw game.
  1. 2〔駆り立てる〕
    • 家畜を追う
    • drive cattle ((back to the barn))
  1. 3〔追い払う〕 ⇒おいはらう(追い払う)
  1. II
  1. 1〔追放する〕 ⇒おいだす(追い出す)ついほう(追放)
    • 地位を追われる
    • be ousted [driven] from one's post
    • 故郷を追われた
    • I was driven out of my hometown.
    • 国を追われる
    • be exiled from one's country
  1. 2〔受身の形で,せかされる〕
    • 仕事[時間]に追われる
    • be pressed 「by work [for time]
    • 予習に追われる
    • be busy with preparations for school
  1. 3〔追い求める〕pursue
    • 理想を追う
    • pursue [《文》 aspire to] an ideal
    • 流行を追う
    • follow the fashion
  1. 4〔順序などに従う〕
    • 先例を追う
    • follow a precedent
    • 順を追って説明します
    • I'll explain them in order.
    • 日を追って暖かくなってきた
    • It is getting warmer day by day.
    • 年を追って成熟してきた
    • With each passing year she has become more mature.
  1. 1〔老人〕an old man
  1. 2〔老人の敬称〕
    • 福沢翁
    • the revered old Mr. Fukuzawa