1. 1おおやけ(公)こうてき(公的)
  1. 2〔公爵〕a prince;〔英国の〕a duke
    • 近衛公
    • Prince Konoe
    • エジンバラ公
    • the Duke of Edinburgh
  1. 〔手柄〕a great achievement;〔成功〕success ((in))
    • 功成り名を遂げる
    • achieve success and fame
    • 功を立てる
    • render distinguished services/distinguish oneself
    • この企画の立案者として功があった
    • He 「contributed greatly [made a great contribution] as the planner of this project.
    • 功を急ぎ過ぎた
    • He was too eager for success.
    • さすがは年の功だ
    • Experience will tell./〔個別の事例について〕It surely proves the advantage of experience.
  1. 功を奏するbe effective ((in));be successful ((in));work
    • 新しい方策はインフレ抑制に功を奏した
    • The new measures were effective [successful] in curbing inflation.
  1. 1〔亀の甲羅こうら〕a (tortoise's) shell;〔かにの甲羅〕a shell
  1. 2〔よろい〕armor,《英》 armour
  1. 3〔手の表〕the back (of the hand);〔足の表〕the top side of the foot
    • 足の甲が高い
    • have a high instep
  1. 4〔甲と乙の〕
    • 甲と乙
    • A and B/〔法律用語〕the party of the first part and the party of the second part
  1. 5〔成績の第一位〕an“A" ⇒ゆう(優)
  1. 〔行動〕
    • あなたとは最後まで行をともにするつもりです
    • I will accompany [《口》 stick with] you to the last./I will see this through with you.
    • あの人は劫を経た古だぬきだ
    • He's a wily old bird [fox].
  1. 1〔鉱坑〕a mine
    • 炭坑
    • a coal mine
  1. 2〔坑道〕a pit (of a mine)
    • 縦坑
    • a shaft
    • 横坑
    • an adit/a drift
    • 斜坑
    • a chute/an inclined passage [pit]
  1. 坑口a pithead
  1. 坑道こう(坑)2
  1. こうこう(孝行)
    • 彼は父母に孝を尽くした
    • He was a dutiful son to his parents./He did his best for his parents.
  1. ((have; produce)) an effect ((on)) ⇒ききめ(効き目)こうか(効果)
  1. good luck
    • 幸か不幸かその場に居合わせた
    • Fortunately or not, I happened to be there.
  1. incense
    • 香をたく
    • burn incense
  1. 香を聞くきく(聞く)6
  1. 香煙incense smoke
    • 香華を手向ける
    • make an offering of incense and flowers
  1. 香道〔香を楽しむ技術〕the cult of incense-burning;〔聞香〕the art of identifying incense by its fragrance
  1. 1〔学校〕a school ⇒がっこう(学校)
    • 有名校
    • a famous school
  1. 2こうせい(校正)
  1. 1〔条項〕a clause, a paragraph;〔表などの〕an item ⇒こうもく(項目)
    • 項に分ける
    • itemize
    • この項続く
    • To be continued/〔裏面に〕 《米》 Over/《英》 P.T.O.(▼Please turn overの略)
    • 第1条第2項に該当する
    • This comes under Clause 2, Article I.
  1. 2〔数学で〕a term
  1. げんこう(原稿)
    • 稿を起こす
    • begin writing
    • この点については稿を改めて書く
    • I will discuss this aspect more fully in a separate article.
  1. こうてつ(鋼鉄)
    • 特殊鋼
    • special steel
    • 軟鋼
    • mild steel
    • 硬鋼
    • hard steel
  1. 1〔このように〕
    • こう言いながら彼はほほ笑んだ
    • So saying, he smiled.
    • この本にはこう書いてある
    • The author of this book writes as follows: ....
    • その語はこう綴る
    • The word is spelled this way.
    • こうしてはいられない
    • I don't have the time to be doing this.
    • こうなればしめたものだ
    • If it works out 「this way [like this], then we won't have any problems.
    • こうなった以上はぐずぐずしていられない
    • Now that things have come to this pass, we can't afford to waste any time.
    • こうと決まった以上腰を落ち着けてやろう
    • Now that we have made our decision, let's get down to work.
    • ああでもないこうでもない
    • ああ
  1. 2〔これほど〕
    • こう暑いと勉強に身が入らない
    • 「It is so hot that [In this heat] I cannot concentrate on my studies.
  1. ask ((for));request
    • アメリカ側の協力[援助]を請うために出掛けた
    • He went to the U.S.A. to ask for American cooperation [assistance].
    • その部屋の使用許可を請うた
    • They requested permission to use the room.
    • 乞う,ご期待
    • Don't miss it.
  1. 〔行くこと〕
    • アルプス行
    • a journey [trip] to the Alps
    • 逃避行
    • an escape (journey)/(a) flight
    • 犬ぞり隊のアラスカ行
    • an Alaskan dogsled expedition
    • 冬山の単独行
    • climbing mountains by oneself in winter
    • 横浜港
    • the port of Yokohama
    • 輸出港
    • an export port