1. 〔小さいこと〕
    • 大は小を兼ねる
    • A large thing serves the purpose of a small one as well.
    • このシャツの小は品切れです
    • This shirt is out of stock in the small size.
  1. 小の虫を殺して大の虫を助けるsacrifice small things to save great ones
  1. 〔容量単位〕a sho(▼1升は約1.8liters)
  1. a mistress; a concubine
  1. 妾宅one's mistress's [concubine's] house
    • 妾腹の子
    • a child by a mistress [concubine]
  1. 1〔生まれつきの性質〕(a) nature; (a) disposition;〔気質〕(a) temperament ⇒きしょう(気性)-しょう(-性)
    • 性のよい[悪い]
    • good-[ill-]natured
    • 性に合う仕事
    • congenial work
    • 彼とは性が合う
    • I get along well with him./I hit it off well with him.
    • 英国の気候は彼女の性に合わなかった
    • The climate of England did not agree with her.
    • 借金して外国旅行に行くのは私の性に合わない
    • Borrowing money to travel abroad goes against the grain.
  1. 2そしつ(素質)
  1. 1〔英国・日本などの中央官庁〕a ministry;〔米国の〕a department
    • 法務省
    • the Ministry of Justice
    • 国務省
    • 〔米国の〕the Department of State
  1. 2〔中国の行政区画〕a province
  1. Iせおう(背負う)
  1. II
  1. 1〔引き受ける〕be saddled [burdened] ((with));shoulder ((a responsibility, debts))
    • 母と3人の妹をしょっている
    • He is saddled with his mother and three sisters.
    • 君たちがこれからの世界をしょって立つのだよ
    • The future of the world will rest on your shoulders.
  1. 2〔うぬぼれている〕
    • あいつしょってるな
    • What a swollen [《米》 swelled] head he's got!/How conceited [puffed up] he is!
  1. a commander
    • 彼は人に将たる人物ではない
    • He is not of leadership caliber./He isn't cut out to be a leader.
  1. 将を射んと欲すれば,まず馬を射よIf you wish to win someone's heart, you should win over those around him first./If you wish to achieve a great aim, you should begin by removing all the obstacles.
  1. 1〔数学で〕the quotient [kwóuʃənt]
  1. 2〔商売,商人〕
    • 書籍商を営んでいる
    • He keeps a bookstore.
    • 貴金属商
    • 〔人〕a jeweler/a dealer in jewelry/〔店〕a jewelry store
  1. 3〔中国の王朝〕the Shang [Yin] (dynasty)
  1. 1〔文章などの段落〕a chapter
    • 第2章
    • Chapter II/the second chapter
    • この問題は章を改めて検討しよう
    • We will discuss this problem in another chapter.
  1. 2〔記章〕a badge
    • 会員章
    • a membership pin [badge]
  1. a sho; a wind instrument composed of a mouthpiece and seventeen bamboo pipes of various lengths
  1. しょうこ(証拠)しょうめい(証明)
  1. 1〔証拠〕proof
    • この手紙は彼の裏切りの証とするに足るものだ
    • This letter provides adequate proof of his betrayal.
  1. 2〔証明書〕
    • 学生[会員]証
    • a student identification [a membership] card
    • 免許証
    • a license,《英》 a licence
    • 輸出許可証
    • an export permit
  1. a gong
  1. 1〔要所〕an important point
    • 東京は日本全国の交通の衝である
    • Tokyo is 「the center of transportation [the hub of the transportation system] in Japan.
  1. 2〔重要な役目〕an important duty
    • 責任の衝に当たる
    • bear the responsibility ((for))
    • 私が談判の衝に当たっている
    • I am in charge of the negotiations.
  1. a prize
    • 一等賞
    • (the) first prize
    • 特[副]賞
    • a special [supplementary] prize
    • 賞を与える[出す]
    • give [award] a prize ((to a person))
    • 賞を懸ける
    • offer a prize
    • 賞を競う[取る]
    • 「compete for [win] a prize
    • この小説で2000年度の芥川賞を受けた
    • He received the Akutagawa Prize in 2000 for this novel.
    • 残念賞[努力賞]をもらった
    • He won 「a consolation prize [an award for effort].
  1. a victory
    • 2勝3敗
    • two wins and three losses
    • このチームは3勝2敗1引き分けだった
    • This team had three wins, two losses and one draw.
    • 心配性の人
    • a worrywart
    • 荒れ性の肌
    • sensitive skin