1. 〔それで〕
    • で,これからどうしようか
    • Well, what shall we do now?
    • で,結果はどうだった
    • And how did it turn out?
  1. 1〔現れること〕
    • 月の出は午後6時だ
    • The moon rises at 6:00 p.m.
  1. 2〔流れ出ること〕
    • 今朝は水の出がよい
    • The water is flowing well this morning.
    • このペンはインクの出が悪い
    • This pen doesn't write smoothly.
    • この茶は出が悪い
    • These tea leaves don't produce much flavor.
  1. 3〔出番〕
    • 楽屋で出を待つ
    • wait in the green room for one's turn to go on
  1. 4〔売れること〕
    • この品は出がよい
    • This article sells well.
  1. 5〔出勤〕
    • 今度の土曜は出の日だ
    • I am on duty next Saturday.
    • 連休明けは社員の出が遅かった
    • After the consecutive holidays many of the employees arrived at the office late.
  1. 6〔出身〕
    • 大学出の人
    • a university graduate
    • 彼は貴族の出だ
    • He comes of a noble family.
    • 彼は労働者階級の出だ
    • He was born in a working-class family.
    • 私は東北の出です
    • I come [am] from the Tohoku District.
  1. ((格助詞))
  1. 1〔場所〕at; in; on
    • スーパーで買った牛肉
    • the beef I bought at a supermarket
    • 東京駅で彼に会った
    • I met him at Tokyo Station.
    • プラットホーム[三階]でお待ちします
    • I'll wait for you on 「the platform [the third floor].
    • 名古屋でバスを降りる
    • get off a bus in Nagoya
    • 川で泳ぐ
    • swim in a river
    • 彼はコンクールで優勝した
    • He won (the) first prize in the contest.
    • 海岸で遊ぶ
    • play on the beach
    • 通りで人に会う
    • 《米》 meet a person on the street(▼ 《英》 ではin the street)
    • 農場で働く
    • work on a farm
    • 二階で寝る
    • sleep upstairs
    • 高校で同級生だった
    • We were classmates in high school.
  1. 2〔手段,用具〕with; in; by
    • お玉じゃくしでスープをかきまぜる
    • stir soup with a ladle
    • ペンで書く
    • write with a pen
    • 英語で話す
    • speak in English
    • 現金[千円札5枚]で払う
    • pay 「in cash [with five 1,000 yen bills]
    • 彼の新車でドライブに行った
    • We went for a drive in his new car.
    • 辞書でその語を調べなさい
    • Look up the word in a dictionary.
    • 機械で織った敷物
    • a rug woven by machine
    • 自転車で
    • by [on a] bicycle
    • 飛行機で
    • by air [airplane/plane]
    • 手紙は航空便で着いた
    • The letter came by air(mail).
    • 彼女は歌で生計をたてている
    • She earns her living by singing.
    • 弱火で魚を煮る
    • simmer fish over a low heat
    • ピアノでソナタを弾く
    • play a sonata on the piano
    • ぬれたシャツを暖炉で乾かした
    • I dried my wet shirt by [over/in front of] the fire.
    • 望遠鏡で星を観察する
    • observe stars through a telescope
  1. 3〔材料〕of;〔原料〕from
    • 木で作った箱
    • a box made of wood/a wooden box
    • ミルクでチーズを作る
    • make cheese from milk
    • プラスチックでいろいろの容器を作る
    • make various containers 「out of [from] plastic
  1. 4〔原因,理由〕of; from; with
    • チフスで死んだ
    • He died of typhoid fever.
    • 自分の意志で辞職した
    • He resigned of his own free will.
    • 飢えで苦しんでいた
    • They were suffering from hunger.
    • 責任感でやったことだ
    • He did it from [out of] a sense of responsibility.
    • 寝不足で気分が悪かった
    • I felt unwell from lack of sleep.
    • 泥で汚れた靴
    • shoes covered with mud
    • 怒りで気も狂いそうだった
    • I was almost insane with anger.
    • 病気で行かれない
    • I cannot go 「because of [《文》 on account of] illness.
    • 雨で遠足がお流れになった
    • Our excursion 「was washed out by [was called off because of] the rain.
    • 不注意で事故を起こした
    • He caused an accident through his carelessness.
    • 雪の重みで家がつぶれた
    • The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
    • 火事で焼け出される
    • be burned out by a fire
    • 事故でけがをした
    • He was injured in an accident.
    • 日照りで植物が枯れた
    • The plants withered in the dry weather.
    • 彼は詐欺罪でつかまった
    • He was arrested for fraud.
    • この湖は美しさで有名だ
    • This lake is noted for its beauty.
    • 喜んで飛び跳ねた
    • He jumped up and down for joy.
    • 所用で大阪へ行った
    • He went to Osaka on business.
    • ころんでひざをけがした
    • He fell down and hurt his knee.
    • 娘の死を悲しんで部屋に閉じこもった
    • Grieving over the death of his daughter, he shut himself up in his room.
  1. 5〔値段〕for
    • このセーターを5,000円で買った
    • I bought this sweater for five thousand yen.
    • スーツを3万円で売る
    • sell a suit at [for] thirty thousand yen
    • 1万円でおつりがありますか
    • Can you give me change if I pay with a 10,000 yen bill?
  1. 6〔基準,単位〕by
    • この国ではバターはポンドで売られる
    • Butter is sold by the pound in this country.
    • 人を外見で判断してはいけない
    • You should not judge people by their appearance.
    • 話し方でだれだか分かった
    • 「I knew who it was by [I recognized her from] the way she was talking.
    • 1時間に4キロの割合で歩いた
    • I walked at the rate of four kilometers an hour.
    • 試験の成績でクラスを分けている
    • Students are 「divided into [placed in] different classes according to their test scores.
    • 値段は大きさで違う
    • The price varies with the size.
    • りんごは5個で400円だった
    • I paid four hundred yen for five apples.
    • この肉は100グラムで300円だった
    • The meat cost three hundred yen per [for a] hundred grams.
  1. 7〔時間〕
    • 二日でその仕事を終えた
    • He finished the work in two days.
    • 会合は午前で済むだろう
    • The meeting will be over by noon.
    • 少年は7月2日で15歳になる
    • The boy will be fifteen years old come [on] July 2.
    • 明日で願書受付は締切りになる
    • Applications must be filed by tomorrow./Tomorrow is the deadline for applications.
  1. 8〔年齢〕at (the age of)
    • 10歳でソナタを作曲した
    • He composed a sonata at (the age of) ten.
    • 30代で起業した
    • He set up a business in his thirties.
  1. 9〔動作の行われる状態・条件〕
    • 一人でそれをした
    • I did it 「by myself [on my own].
    • 傘なしで出掛けた
    • He went out without his umbrella.
    • 土足で部屋に入ってはいけない
    • You can't enter the room with your shoes on.
    • 彼女は着物姿でパーティーに行った
    • She went to the party in (a) kimono.
    • 彼は無礼な態度で見回した
    • He looked around 「in a rude manner [rudely].
    • きれいな声で歌っている
    • She is singing in a lovely [pretty] voice.
    • にこにこ顔で話し掛けてきた
    • He spoke to me with a big [broad] smile.
    • 彼は実力だけで出世した
    • He succeeded in life simply on the strength of ability.
  1. ((接続助詞)) 〔そして,一方〕
    • 誠実で親切な人だ
    • He is a kind, honest man.
    • 米国人で奥さんが日本人の人を知っている
    • I know an American whose wife is Japanese.
    • 彼は著名な音楽家で息子は詩人だ
    • He is a well-known musician, and his son is a poet.
    • 新聞を読んで食事をした
    • He read the paper and then had his meal./After reading the paper, he ate his meal.