1. 1〔名称〕a name;〔本などの題〕a title
    • 彼は「けちんぼのビル」という名で通っていた
    • He 「went by the name of [was known as]“Bill the Miser.”
    • 会社の名で祝い金を出した
    • They gave him a congratulatory gift of money in the name of the company.
    • 大学と名が付けばどこでもよい
    • If it is a university, 「any one will do [I don't mind which].
    • その本は『現代絵画』という名で出版された
    • The book was published under the title Modern Painting.
  1. 2〔姓名〕one's full name;〔名字〕one's surname [family name];〔呼び名〕one's given [first] name;〔洗礼名〕one's Christian name
    • ジェシーという名の女性
    • a woman named [by the name of] Jessie
    • 田中さんという名の人
    • a Mr. Tanaka/a man called Tanaka
    • 彼は名も告げずに立ち去った
    • He left without giving his name.
    • 名を呼ばれたら返事しなさい
    • Answer when your name is called.
    • 息子に祖父の名をもらってジョンと付けた
    • They named their son John after [《米》 for] the boy's grandfather.
    • だれか私の名をかたった者がいる
    • Somebody has used my name.
  1. 3〔名声,評判〕fame; reputation
    • 名の知れた
    • famous/renowned/noted
    • その町では名の通った料亭
    • a restaurant well-known to the people of the town
    • 功成り名遂げる
    • win distinction and fame
    • その作家は斬新ざんしんな作風で名をあげた
    • The writer 「gained fame [made a name for himself] with his original style.
    • その名に背かない立派な政治家だった
    • He was a distinguished statesman who deserved [was worthy of] the name.
  1. 4〔口実〕a pretext
    • 社会福祉の名で多くの不正が行われた
    • A great deal of wrong was done 「under the pretext [in the name] of social welfare.
    • 名にし負う桜の名所
    • a place famous [well-known] for its beautiful cherry blossoms
    • 彼は名にし負ううそつきだ
    • He is a notorious liar.(▼notoriousは悪いことに使う)
    • 薬屋とは名ばかりの店だった
    • It was a drugstore in name only.
    • 彼は名ばかりの監督だった
    • He was (but) a nominal manager.
    • 名もなく貧しい画家
    • a poor obscure [nameless/unknown] painter
    • 当時名を売った実業家だった
    • He was a renowned [noted] businessman at the time.
    • 名を惜しむ者にはそんな卑劣なことはできない
    • One who values his good name cannot do such a base thing.
    • 彼は政治家の名を借りてその案に猛反対をした
    • He strongly opposed the plan in the name of a politician.
    • 夫の名を借りて保険のセールスマンを追い返した
    • Pretending that my husband was against insurance, I managed to drive the salesman away.
    • その事件は学校の名を汚した
    • That incident tarnished the reputation of the school.
  1. 名を捨てて実を取るchoose substance over appearance; choose profit over reputation
    • 今度の会には有名人が名を連ねている
    • Many famous people will be present at the next meeting./《口》 There will be many big names at the next meeting.
  1. 名を成すbecome famous; make a name for oneself
    • その発見で後世に名を残した
    • He 「immortalized himself [made himself immortal] with that discovery.
  1. 〔有名な〕famous, noted;〔優れた〕excellent
    • 名選手
    • a star player
    • 名監督
    • 〔映画の〕a celebrated director/〔野球などの〕a famous manager
    • 名演奏
    • an excellent performance