1. 1〔それまでに〕already
    • 私が着いた時には彼らは既に出発していた
    • When I got there, they had already left.
    • 既に述べたように
    • as I have already stated/as stated above
  1. 2〔今ではもう〕
    • 既に手術できる状態ではなかった
    • By this time surgery was impossible./It was too late for surgery.
    • 時既に遅しだ
    • It is too late now.