1. 1〔癖,習性〕a habit ((of))

    習慣の habitual

    • 習慣がつく
    • get [fall] into the habit ((of doing))/form [acquire] the habit ((of doing))
    • 習慣を捨てる
    • 「break (off) [shake off] a habit/「give up [discard] a habit
    • 悪い習慣を直す
    • 〔自分の〕「cure oneself of [get over] a bad habit/〔他人の〕cure [break] a person of a bad habit
    • 彼は早起きの習慣である
    • He is in the habit of getting up early.
    • 習慣となった飲酒
    • habitual drinking
    • 朝食前にジョギングをするのが彼の習慣だ
    • It is his practice to go jogging before breakfast.
    • 寝る前に一風呂浴びるのが彼の習慣になっていた
    • 「As a rule [Usually] he took a bath before he went to bed.
    • つい習慣で旧姓で呼んでしまった
    • I addressed her by her maiden name just out of habit.
    • この薬は習慣性がある
    • This medicine is habit-forming [addictive].
  1. 2〔しきたり〕a custom, a practice

    習慣の customary

    • 年上の人にお辞儀をするのはこの国の習慣だ
    • It is 「the custom [customary] in this country to bow to one's seniors.
    • この村では村人が年末に集まって餅をつく習慣がある
    • It is customary [the practice] for the people in this village to gather at the end of the year and pound steamed rice for rice cakes.