1. 1〔困難〕difficulty ⇒こんなん(困難)なんなく(難無く)
    • 生活難
    • difficulty in making a living
    • 深刻な住宅[食糧]難に悩んでいる
    • They are suffering from a serious housing [food] shortage.
    • 敢然と難にあたる
    • face difficulties [hardships] resolutely
  1. 2〔災い〕a disaster ⇒わざわい(災い)さいなん(災難)
    • かろうじて難を免れた
    • I had a narrow escape.
    • 近くの小屋に難を避けた
    • We took refuge in a nearby hut.
    • 難を避けて伯父の所に身を寄せた
    • I sought refuge with my uncle.
    • 一難去ってまた一難
    • Overcome one difficulty only to face another.
  1. 3〔欠点〕a fault; a defect
    • 難を言えば,彼は字が下手だ
    • If he has any defect, it is that he has bad handwriting.
    • 彼の技法は難がない
    • There are no faults in his technique./His technique is OK.
    • 難は資金が足りないことだ
    • The trouble is we don't have enough capital.
  1. 4〔非難〕(a) criticism
    • 怠慢だったという難は免れない
    • He can hardly escape the charge of negligence.