1. I
  1. 1〔人・動物の首から上〕a head
    • 頭のてっぺん
    • the crown of the head
    • 頭から足の先まで
    • from top to toe/from head to foot
    • 頭から落ちる
    • fall headlong/fall headfirst
    • 頭にげんこつを食らった
    • I took a blow to the head.
    • 頭を上げる
    • raise [lift] one's head
    • 頭を低く下げる
    • bend [bow] one's head low
    • 頭をまっすぐにする
    • hold up one's head/hold one's head erect
    • 頭を左に傾ける
    • lean one's head to the left
    • 窓から頭を出す
    • put [stick] one's head out of a window
    • 子供の頭をなでる
    • pat a child on the head/pat a child's head
    • 「だめです」と言って彼は頭を振った
    • He shook his head and said no.
    • 彼は賛成して頭を縦に振った
    • He nodded his head in agreement.
    • 頭が少し痛い
    • I have a slight headache./My head aches a little.
    • 二日酔いで頭が重い
    • My head feels heavy because of a hangover.
    • 下を見ると頭がくらくらする
    • My head swims [reels] when I look down./I feel giddy when I look down.
  1. 2〔頭髪〕(a head of) hair
    • 短く刈った頭
    • a close-cut [close-cropped] head
    • 祖父の頭は白くなった
    • My grandfather's hair has turned gray.
  1. 3〔物の上・前のほうの部分〕the head, the top;〔とがった物の〕a tip
    • くぎの頭
    • the head of a nail
    • 頭に雪を頂いた山
    • a mountain capped with snow/a snow-capped mountain
    • 彼は行列の頭にいる
    • He is at the head of the procession.
  1. 4〔物事の初めの部分〕
    • この計算は頭から間違っているようだ
    • You seem to have miscalculated from the very beginning.
    • その可能性を頭から否定することはできない
    • We cannot completely rule out that possibility.
    • 彼女は曲の頭で間違った
    • She made a mistake at the beginning of the song.
  1. 5〔上に立つ人〕
    • 大勢の頭になって指揮を取る
    • take the lead at the head of a large group of people
  1. 6〔人員〕a head; a person ⇒あたまかず(頭数)
    • 会員の会費は1人頭5,000円である
    • The membership fee is five thousand yen per person.
    • 彼の仕事はクラブの新会員の頭をそろえることであった
    • His task was to recruit new members for the club.
  1. II〔頭脳,その働き〕a head; brains; one's mind
    • 彼は頭がいい
    • He has a fine brain [mind]./He has brains./He is bright [smart].
    • 彼は頭がさえている
    • He is clearheaded./He has a sharp mind.
    • 彼は頭がぼけてしまった
    • He has gone soft in the head./《口》 He has gone gaga [bonkers].
    • この仕事をするには頭がいる
    • It takes brains [intelligence] to do this work.
    • 彼は頭が変だ
    • He is crazy [mad]./He is 「off his head [out of his mind].
    • 母の病気のことがいつも私の頭にあった
    • I was thinking about my mother's illness all the time./I had my mother's illness on my mind all the time.
    • よい考えが頭に浮かんだ
    • A good idea occurred to me./I hit on a good idea.
    • 頭を使う
    • use one's head
    • 頭を使う仕事
    • mental labor/brainwork
    • 頭を休める
    • rest one's mind
    • 頭をしぼる
    • rack one's brains
    • 彼女は娘の恋愛問題で頭を悩ませている
    • Her daughter's love affair worries [bothers] her./She is worried about her daughter's love affair.
    • 自分の問題で頭が一杯で息子の変化に気がつかなかった
    • Full of [Preoccupied with] my own troubles, I didn't notice the change in my son.
    • あの人には今でも頭が上がらない
    • I still feel deeply indebted to him./I still feel I owe him a lot.
    • 学校の勉強ではだれも彼に頭が上がらない
    • No one can compete with him in schoolwork./《口》 He has it all over us in schoolwork.
    • これは頭が痛い問題である
    • This is a difficult question./This is a hard [tough] problem to solve.
    • 息子が怠け者で頭が痛い
    • I don't know what to do about my lazy son./《口》 My lazy son is a headache.
  1. 頭隠して尻隠さずYou may believe you've hidden your mistake, but everybody knows.
    • 彼は頭が固すぎる
    • He is too inflexible.
    • あの弁護士はなかなか頭が切れる
    • That attorney [lawyer] is sharp [quick].
    • 彼女の努力には頭が下がる
    • I 「take off my hat to [admire] her for her effort.
    • 彼は頭が低い
    • He is modest [humble]./He maintains [keeps] a low profile.
    • あいつは30分も待たして謝りもしなかった.全く頭に来た
    • He kept me waiting for thirty minutes and didn't even apologize. 「It really made me angry. [I really lost my temper.](▼ lose one's temperは,かっとなってその場で相手を責める様子)
    • かわいそうに,ついに頭に来たらしい
    • It seems that the poor thing finally 「lost her mind [went crazy].
    • 自分の頭の上の蠅も追えないのによけいなお世話だ
    • Why don't you solve your own problems before meddling in mine?/Mind your own business.
    • その知らせを聞いて頭の中が真っ白になってしまった
    • My mind went numb at the news.
    • 先生たちは生徒の暴力に頭を痛めていた
    • The teachers were worried [concerned] about student violence.
    • 私たちは支配人に頭を抑えられている
    • The manager keeps us under his thumb.
    • 差し迫った問題で頭を抱えている
    • I am tearing my hair out over urgent problems.
  1. 頭を下げる1〔お辞儀をする〕
    • 彼は私に深々と頭を下げた
    • He 「bowed deeply [made a deep bow] to me.
  2. 頭を下げる2〔頼む〕ask; beg
  3. 頭を下げる3〔謝る〕apologize; beg a person's pardon
  4. 頭を下げる4〔屈服する〕
    • あいつにだけは絶対に頭を下げたくない
    • He is the one person I couldn't bear to give in to.
    • 他人のことに頭を突っ込むんじゃない
    • Don't poke your nose into others' affairs./Don't dabble in other people's business.
    • 彼は手下がかせいだ金の頭をはねた
    • He 「took a cut of [skimmed something off] what his underlings made.
    • 答えを出そうと頭をひねった
    • He racked his brains to find the answer.
    • よく頭を冷やしてから始めなさい
    • You must 「calm down [cool off] before you start.
  1. 頭を丸めるshave one's head;〔人にしてもらう〕have one's head shaved;〔仏門に入る〕enter the priesthood
    • 会員の間に不満が頭をもたげ始めた
    • Discontent began to show itself among the members.
  1. I〔あたま〕the head
    • 頭,右[左/中]
    • 〔号令〕Eyes right [left/front]!
  1. II
  1. 1〔一群の長〕a leader; a chief; a boss; a head
    • 革命運動の頭
    • the leader of a revolutionary movement
    • アメリカ先住民の部族の頭
    • the chief of a tribe of native Americans
    • 盗賊の頭
    • the leader of a gang of bandits
    • この家の頭は母親だ
    • The mother is 「the boss of this house [the head of this household].
    • 彼は人の頭に立てるような男ではない
    • He is not a man to lead others./He's not cut out to be a leader.
  1. 2〔一番上〕the top
    • 10歳の男の子を頭に3人子供がいる
    • He has three children, the oldest of whom is a ten-year-old boy.
  1. 頭文字the first [initial] letter of a word, an initial;〔大文字〕a capital letter
    • 指輪に名前の頭文字を彫ってもらった
    • I had my initials inscribed on the ring.
  1. one's head ⇒あたま(頭)
    • かぶりを振る
    • shake one's head
  1. the head
    • 彼は上司に対して頭が高い
    • He is haughty to his seniors.
    • 頭が高すぎるぞ
    • You should learn to be more modest.
  1. a head ((単複同形))
    • 50頭の家畜
    • fifty head of cattle(▼複数扱い)