1. Mount ((略 Mt.))
    • 富士山
    • Mt. Fuji
  1. I
  1. 1〔山岳〕a mountain;〔小山〕a hill
    • 浅間山
    • Mt. Asama
    • はげ山
    • a bare [deforested] mountain
    • 山の頂に
    • on the summit [top] of a mountain
    • 山のふもとで
    • at the foot [bottom] of a mountain
    • 山の背
    • the ridge of a mountain
    • 山の中腹に
    • on the mountainside
    • 山を登る
    • climb (up) a mountain/〔よじ登る〕scale a mountain
    • 山を下りる
    • climb down a mountain
    • 山を登り谷を下って幻のきのこを探した
    • 《文》 We went looking for the fabled mushrooms up hill and down dale.
    • 夏休みは山で過ごすつもりです
    • I am going to spend my summer vacation in the mountains.
    • 山に行く
    • go to the mountains
    • スキーをしに山に行った
    • I went skiing in the mountains.
  1. 2〔鉱山〕a mine
    • 爆発事故のあと山は閉鎖された
    • The mine was closed after the explosion.
    • 山を買う
    • invest in a mine
    • 彼は山で当てた
    • He made a fortune out of his mining investments.
  1. 3〔高く盛りあげたもの〕a heap; a pile
    • 一山800円の梨
    • pears sold at 800 yen a pile [lot]
    • 鉄くずの山
    • a heap of iron scrap
    • あちこちにがれきの山ができていた
    • Debris lay in heaps here and there.
  1. 4〔物の一部が高くなった所〕
    • 帽子の山
    • the crown of a hat
    • ねじの山
    • the thread of a screw
  1. 5〔たくさんの寄り集まり〕
    • たちまち見物人の山ができた
    • Soon a large crowd of people gathered to look at it.
  1. II
  1. 1〔頂点〕the climax; the peak
    • ここがこの劇の山だ
    • This is the climax [high point] of this play.
    • この事件の山は社長の逮捕だった
    • This case reached its climax when the company president was arrested.
    • この投球は試合の山となる
    • Here comes the payoff pitch of the game.
    • 造船業の全盛時代は山に達した[すでに山を過ぎていた]
    • The shipbuilding industry 「was in its heyday [had already passed its peak].
  1. 2〔予想〕
    • 山が当たった[はずれた]
    • My guess hit [missed] the mark.
    • ストライキも山が見えてきた
    • The end of the strike is now in sight.
  1. 山高きがゆえに貴からずThe true value of a thing lies in its substance, not in its appearance.
    • 大きな盆にりんごが山と積まれていた
    • The large tray was heaped [piled high] with apples.
    • 山のような心配事
    • a mountain of worries
    • 山のような大波
    • mountainous waves
    • 市民は市当局に苦情を山のようにもちこんだ
    • The citizens heaped complaints on the city authorities.
  1. 山を当てる1〔鉱山を掘り当てる〕strike a lode
  2. 山を当てる2〔予想が当たる〕be successful in speculation
    • 試験で山を当てた
    • He successfully anticipated what kind of questions would be asked on the exam.
    • 試験で山をかける
    • gamble on the questions which will appear on an examination (and prepare only for them)
    • 無茶な山をかける
    • make reckless guesses
    • 山をかけてその株を買った
    • He bought that stock on speculation.
  1. 山を越す「get over [overcome] a difficulty