1. I
  1. 1〔覆うようにして乗せる〕put on; wear(▼put onは動作,wearは状態を表す)
    • あわてて帽子をかぶった
    • He hastily put on his hat.
    • ベレー帽をかぶった男
    • a man in [wearing] a beret
    • 子供は帽子[面]をかぶっていた
    • The child had a cap [mask] on.
    • 少年は帽子をかぶらずに雨の中を歩いた
    • The boy walked in the rain bareheaded [without a hat on].
    • 彼女は毛布をすっぽりかぶっていた
    • She was covered from head to foot with a blanket.
  1. 2〔上から浴びる〕
    • 毎朝水をかぶる習慣だ
    • He makes it a rule to dash (cold) water over himself every morning.
    • 田畑が水をかぶった
    • The fields were flooded.
    • 棚がほこりをかぶっていた
    • The shelf was covered with (a layer of) dust.
    • 火の粉を頭からかぶりながら逃げた
    • He fled with sparks raining down on his head.
    • 車の通った時に泥水をかぶった
    • The passing car splashed muddy water on me.
  1. II〔身に引き受ける〕
    • 彼は親分の罪をかぶった
    • He took his boss's guilt upon himself.
    • 彼はどうして弟の負債をかぶることになったのか
    • How did he come to shoulder his brother's debts?
  1. 1〔受ける〕receive;〔損害を〕sustain, suffer;〔屈辱を〕be subjected to ((humiliation))
    • 大きな損害を被る
    • suffer a serious loss
    • 社長の不興を被った
    • 《文》 I incurred the president's displeasure.
    • 彼女には多大の恩義を被っている
    • I am greatly indebted to her.
  1. 2〔いただく〕
    • ちょっとご免を被って一眠りさせてもらいましょう
    • If it's all right with you, I think I'll take a little nap.
    • そんな仕事はご免被りたい
    • 「No thanks [《口》 Nothing doing]. That kind of work is not for me.